Fuel Economy Development Through Multi-Faceted Initiatives In Energy Efficiency And Carbon Reduction
The Malaysia Automotive Institute (MAI) today updated members of the global community on Malaysia’s initiatives on fuel economy development. This announcement is in line with global initiatives by Global Fuel Economy Initiatives (GFEI).
1. Development of Malaysia Driving Cycle (MDC)
MAI led a study on the undertaking of the Malaysia Driving Cycle (MDC), to develop a standardized method consistent with the World Wide Harmonised Light Duty Test Cycle (WLTC).
This would establish Malaysia’s own globally recognised driving cycle, allowing the determination of fuel economy in a Malaysian context.
A driving cycle is a tool used in laboratory test (chassis dynamometer) to estimate the fuel consumption and exhaust emissions of vehicles. It is a series of data points representing the speed of a vehicle versus time sequence developed for certain roads, routes and specific areas or cities.
A Malaysian Driving Cycle would present a set of data specific to Malaysian roads, terrains and environmental conditions, to determine standards for Energy Efficient Vehicles (EEVs) based on UN Regulation 101.
2. Establishment of the National Emission Test Centre (NETC)
The NETC, located in Rawang, Selangor, will be the first full-fledged vehicle emissions testing facility in Malaysia. The centre’s facilities include real-time measurement of exhaust emission gases for passenger cars in accordance with UN Regulation 83 and 101.
The emissions lab is equipped with an Emission Chassis Dynamometer within a climatic chamber. It also features a soak room, emission & equipment room, and a control room. The centre will be operated by the Malaysia Automotive Institute (MAI) and is open to all vehicle manufacturers in Malaysia and ASEAN.
Emissions tests are a requirement for vehicles to comply with Vehicle Type Approval (VTA) and EEV certification. The establishment of the NETC will allow for significant emissions test cost reduction and faster test cycle times, as logistical constraints due to overseas testing is eliminated.
3. Collaborations with global agencies for carbon reduction.
Malaysia, through MAI, actively collaborates with numerous bodies around the world towards the common goal of developing clean and efficient vehicle policies to reduce emissions and energy use within the road transport sector in Malaysia.
MAI has recently established collaboration in the form of MoA with Clean Air Asia, a non-profit organisation that implements the “Supporting Clean and Efficient Vehicle Policies in Asian Countries” programme, funded by UN Environment.
The collaborations are based on the following activities:
- Develop and establish a fuel economy baseline based on actual data gathering and
trends analysis specific to Malaysia.
- Clean and efficient vehicle policy assessment by experienced world bodies such as
- Clean and efficient vehicle policy development through national level workshops.
On the Malaysian front, MAI has established a collaboration with the Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change (MESTECC) in the following areas:
- Implementation of self-regulation in the management of environment, human capital and expert pool development, and the establishment of voluntary eco-labelling, and joint research for policy & technology roadmap formulation.
- Inputs specific to energy efficient vehicles towards the development of a Low Carbon Mobility Blueprint
- Trends analysis of energy consumption in urban transportation through a Demand Side Management (DSM) study.
4. Active participation in Global Working Groups towards carbon reduction
Malaysia, through MAI, actively participates in global and regional working groups, such as the UN working party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) to present research initiatives and outcomes on a global platform.
MAI collaborates with Japan Automobile Standards Internationalization Center (JASIC) to enhance and develop Malaysia local experts by leveraging on JASIC expertise in constructing the WG that will follow WP29 framework, as well as an ASEAN Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) technical guideline through Automotive Product Working Group (APWG) in minimizing technical barrier to trade.
Also present during this event were Mr. Bert Fabian, Programme Officer, Air Quality and Mobility Unit, UN Environment (UNEP), Ms. Glynda Bathan, Deputy Executive Director, Clean Air Asia (CAA), Mr. Friedel Sehlleier, Deputy Director, Sustainable Transport at GIZ Thailand/ASEAN and Dr. Nuwong Chollacoop, Head, Renewable Energy laboratory, National Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC).