In this final part of the IAA 2019 series of articles, we continue the list with another four futuristic trends that were envisioned at the biennial automotive event.
- BMW’s hydrogen fuel cell vehicles – BMW Hydrogen i NEXT
BMW Group demonstrated their capabilities to complement its electrified vehicle portfolio with the deployment of hydrogen-powered fuel cell technology – BMW Hydrogen i NEXT.
https://youtu.be/65v_rjS53P0 (BMW i Hydrogen NEXT interview video)
BMW believes that hydrogen vehicles represent an important alternative and addition to battery-electric drive systems in addition to achieving zero-emission mobility in the near future.
Hydrogen-powered fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are able to offer unrestricted zero-emission mobility with similar usage characteristics to conventional vehicles:
- Similar refuelling times in comparison to a conventional vehicle
- Little dependence on climatic conditions
- Similar in terms of design of a traditional vehicle – no compromises in the area of comfort
According to BMW, the company would start offering fuel cell vehicles for customers in 2025 at the earliest, but the timing very much depends on market requirements and overall conditions.
- Volkswagen’s future mobility-friendly vehicle – ID.3
The ID.3 is Volkswagen’s new generation of pure electric vehicles – featuring zero local emissions, efficiency and full connectivity.
https://youtu.be/IPjvgXWA78E (Volkswagen ID.3 concept video)
The ID.3 (first model of the ID. series) features carbon-neutrality – achieving net zero carbon dioxide emissions by balancing carbon emissions with carbon removal, or by simply eliminating carbon emissions altogether.
Like all future ID. models, the ID.3 is based on the new modular electric drive matrix (MEB), results in a spacious, 5-seater-sized vehicle interior in which Volkswagen calls it the Open Space.
The ID.3’s interior also features new technologies such as a LED light strip that can warn drivers in dangerous situations, all controls are touch-sensitive (except for the window and hazard buttons) and is supplemented by intelligent voice control. The highest variant of the ID.3 – the ID.3 1st Max features an Augmented Reality (AR) heads-up display, which enables drivers to maintain concentration on the road without the need of looking at the cockpit for vital information.
At production launch, the ID.3 will be available with three battery size options –
- The basic variant has a usable energy content of 45 kWh and enables an electrically powered range of up to 330 km (as per WLTP).
- Alongside this is a battery variant with 58 kW, which enables the ID.3 to achieve a range of up to 420 km (as per WLTP).
- The energy content of the largest battery is 77 kWh, and its electric range is up to 550 km (as per WLTP).
All of the battery variant also supports fast charging – 290 kilometres (WLTP) within 30 minutes, using a charging output of 100 kW. The ID.3 was open for pre-booking earlier this May.
- DLR – Urban Modular Vehicle (UMV)
The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt – DLR) exhibited their Urban Modular Vehicle (UMV) prototype for the first time. This intelligent, modular electric city car is a combination of all things future mobility – automated and networked driving, propulsion technology, vehicle design and structure, energy management and chassis mechatronics.
UMV consists of eight different vehicles that feature futuristic technologies, all of which are built on a standardized platform, making them highly modular across the variants. The length of the floor module can be adjusted while the front and rear modules are standard. The centre-space of the vehicle can vary, depending on the intended use.
A feature that distinguishes DLR’s UMV from other envisioned future mobility vehicles is its usage of use of multi-material construction and function integration which ensures that the body structure of all variants is optimally adapted to electric propulsion and offers a high level of crash safety.
(Demonstration video of the electric propulsion technology)
The “electric propulsion” technology mentioned here is the ability of the UMV’s front bumper to propel inwards upon detection of a crash. The bumper will accelerate inwards depending on the force of the crash – creating a flexible and larger crumple zone, enhancing the safety of passengers in the car.
https://youtu.be/r3nxDCh1y_g (DLR UMV concept video)
UMV’s first driveable prototype – the UMV People Mover 2+2 offers space for up to four people and is intended for use as an autonomous shuttle in urban areas.
The UMV also describes Mobility-as-a-Service as the user will be able to summon the vehicle via an app and then, activates it using an interface in the side window so that the sliding doors open.
The interior has a simple design and offers two central monitors with information on travel time, route and vehicle status. The lidar and radar sensors and cameras required for autonomous driving are located on the roof, in the front bumper and in special panels.
And, there you have it, a total of 10 mobility ideas, concepts and technologies that were conceived at the IAA 2019!