A sub-programme of Lean Production Systems (LPS) is what is known as Karakuri, otherwise described
as a people oriented programme to enhance efficiency and production processes.
A Japanese terminology, Karakuri is originally traditional and mechanized Japanese puppets made from
the 17 to the 19 century. In manufacturing, Karakuri has come to be defined as simple but intelligent
automation mechanisms based on physical principles where devices use levers, pulleys, counterweights
and gravity to increase productivity, quality and safety.